Do you want a flat ceiling? Assemble it with your own hands from drywall. Complex multi-level plasterboard ceilings decorate each room and add a certain charm. How to make a plasterboard ceiling?
On the practical side, the frame system allows you to hide the flaws of the room. The gypsum ceiling physically reduces the height, but visually the multilevelness allows it to be raised. Creating high arches is a reality even for a small room.
Initially, drywall ceilings masked seams with a large divergence of ceiling tiles, where a lot of putty, leveling mortar would be required. Thus, drywall ceilings are a fast, economical and profitable way to install a beautiful ceiling. Is it so difficult to install a plasterboard ceiling?
Making drywall ceilings on your own is not so simple. First you need to find a partner. The work of filing a plasterboard ceiling is difficult, it is difficult to do it alone. Have someone help hold profiles, drywall sheets, and feed tools.
What is this article about
Hemmed . Plasterboard ceiling filing is used as a leveling method. A plasterboard false ceiling lowers the height by a minimum distance, unlike others - up to 10 mm.
When marking the future crate, take into account that the joints of the GKL sheets should fall on the beams.
In a small area, it is enough to install the base without hangers and connectors. The crate is fixed directly with dowels. Drywall sheets are attached to the finished crate. A plasterboard false ceiling is not a place for wires and electrics. It is impossible to install mortise lamps on it, they will not fit in height.
Acoustic . Chosen by party goers, musicians. The nuances of installing perforated sheets are that the transverse edges must be aligned in the places of the profiles, and the cross-shaped seams must necessarily cross the supporting profiles.
For assembly accuracy, the sheets are first laid out and selected for their favorable location on the floor, then the sequence is marked. So they are easier to assemble on the ceiling. Twisting is done between the perforations!
With flame retardant layer . Installed in rooms with a high fire hazard. It looks like it has two layers. The first is a hemmed plasterboard ceiling, the second is a lattice. It performs a fire-resistant and decorative function.
Types of frames for plasterboard vault
Wooden . Already practically not used in construction, but is considered more "natural" in comparison with others. Wooden frames are assembled from 5x3 cm bars. First, they are screwed to the base along the perimeter with anchors.
Additional guides are screwed to the base with self-tapping screws. For additional fire protection or thermal insulation, glass wool or mineral wool is used. Strengthening fire protection A double layer of fire-resistant drywall is attached to the ceiling. The frame is ready. Now it remains to sheathe the ceiling with drywall.
Metallic . They are lighter, so they often go to the manufacture of multi-level ceilings.
*Attention ! All results are approximate - the accuracy depends on the material of the walls, the condition and shape of the room
We assemble metal frames
Bearing and main profiles are laid out on the same level. Hangers are screwed on them. Between themselves, the nodes are fastened with crab connectors. If a large load on the frame is planned, then on the sides the connectors are additionally reinforced with self-tapping screws. Don't forget about profile control. They must be parallel. This can be done with a fishing line stretched between two self-tapping screws;
The emphasis occurs only on the bearing profiles without the installation of suspensions. If fastening on unreliable surfaces is required, wide fasteners are used that will prevent the screw or self-tapping screw from “falling through” inward. When fastening the profile to drywall, screws and press washers are taken, they are fixed to the brick with dowels with a washer.
The services of a master are expensive. How to make a plasterboard ceiling? Making a plasterboard ceiling with your own hands is quite realistic. The technology for installing drywall on the ceiling is described below. The step-by-step instructions are written as accessible as possible so that everyone can repeat all the steps on their own.
For training purposes, it is fashionable to try to assemble drywall shelves on your own in the country. And then sheathe the ceiling with drywall in the house. Do-it-yourself installed plasterboard ceilings, with proper installation, are no different from those installed by a professional. Installation of plasterboard ceilings - frame and plasterboard.
Let's take the instrument!
Scissors for metal;
Nozzles for a drill;
The technology for mounting a plasterboard ceiling is divided into 2 stages: the frame and the installation of a plasterboard.
We clean the surface of the old coating. Everything that does not hold well, “bubbles”, pours, cleans, prepares for processing. Large gaps must be sealed with mortar. Perfect alignment is not required, the main thing is to get rid of holes in which pests can breed;
We specify the dimensions: the height of the walls from the floor, taking into account the floor covering. How much to lower the structure. We throw the height of the sheet itself. We make preliminary calculations;
We measure and mark the future height of the walls;
A scheme is drawn up for installing a plasterboard ceiling and laying out the sheets according to size. When calculating, it is taken into account how it is more profitable, more convenient or more economical to lay sheets without making unnecessary trimming;
Along the perimeter with a hydraulic level we beat off a flat line for fasteners;
Dowel UD profile marking;
We fix the brackets;
We lay out the CD profile according to the sheet layout scheme. The CD is inserted into the UD. We align the profile with the hydraulic level and fasten the CD to the brackets or hangers.
We measure the sheets according to the scheme. We make sure that the seams of the sheets do not match. The seams of the previous sheet should “look” at the middle of the next. Observe the chess order of placement;
We begin to hem to the frame with self-tapping screws. GKL ceiling seams should fall on the guide. We fasten all the edges of the drywall to avoid sagging. We deepen the screws a little inside the drywall. Plasterboard ceiling sheathing is almost over;
We glue the seams with non-woven tape or sickle and level everything with putty. Don't forget the self-tapping holes. To obtain perfectly even corners, plastic or perforated metal protective corners are attached to them and puttied.
Many levels - no problem!
The assembly of a plasterboard ceiling with several levels begins with the installation of a supporting structure.
The main guides are screwed along the perimeter, additional ones are attached to them for rigidity;
The reference level of the frame is reinforced taking into account the additional load of subsequent levels;
Brackets begin to be mounted more often along the guide aluminum profile;
Suspensions for level 2 are screwed onto the supporting profiles of the 1st level;
Before laying out the profiles, it is advisable to draw up a diagram of the 2nd level of the ceiling. Guides of 2 levels and additional profiles are fixed to the main frame on suspensions;
If a 3rd, 4th level is required, each of them is attached to the previous one. Important! The 1st level of the frame is enhanced with an increase in "layers";
The frame is ready, now the ceiling is covered with plasterboard;
Cutting is done on the floor. We mark every detail for ease of installation;
Now the sections are laid out according to the scheme of gypsum ceilings and screwed with screws to the metal profile;
The seams are putty.
The dome-shaped plasterboard ceiling device does not differ in technology. The only question is how to bend the sheet and how to sheathe the ceiling with drywall with your own hands on an uneven surface?
Some manufacturers have started making plasterboard ceilings in a standard arched shape. If it does not fit, then you will have to make the parts yourself.
Moistened gypsum boards bend perfectly. After drying, they retain their shape and have the same properties as before bending. Plates can be bent both inward and outward. From this, the strength and properties will not change.
Thin sheets bend more easily. They can be twisted into a smaller radius, unlike thicker sheets.
For self-bending of the sheet, you will need a pattern, which will be a guide for the future part. It is made from plasterboard, chipboard, fiberboard to choose from. Fastened with bars. The design should be slightly smaller than the required part size.
The bent side is pierced with holes and moistened with water. The inner layer of GKL should be saturated.
After impregnation, the sheet is turned over with the wet side down and placed on the template. For convenience and to avoid discrepancies, the edges are reinforced with bars. In this form, the plates remain until completely dry.
For the frame of a "bent" suspended arch, a regular, even aluminum profile is used. Cuts are made along the edges at equal distances. In this form, the profile becomes flexible. According to the markup, it is laid out and the guide is bent. Fasten with dowels.
Change single-level to two-level
It is difficult to remove plasterboard ceilings without knowing where to unscrew. Therefore, the profile is sought by drilling;
Mark the places of the intended location of the guides;
Cut the sheets with a construction knife. The pieces that remain on the frame are unscrewed. In order to find where to unscrew, you can carefully feel the screws from the inside;
Strengthen the structure with brackets;
Hangers for the second level must be placed on the guides;
We install the metal profile of the next "layer";
It remains to hem the ceiling with drywall and process the seams.
How to repair a plasterboard ceiling? On a finished ceiling with a finish, it is difficult to find the edge of a drywall sheet. Be prepared for the fact that you will need to replace the entire sheet.
How to repair a plasterboard ceiling? Does it make sense to repair or is it better to make a plasterboard ceiling again? Let's figure it out!
With a small mechanical damage, holes are drilled with a small step. If you hear a metallic sound or feel the heavy movement of the drill, this is a guide. Try not to damage it;
The defective piece is removed completely, even if it is on a whole sheet of drywall. We need to keep the location of the ceiling seams. The coincidence of several seams into a single line is further fraught with cracks, loss of putty or deformation of the surface;
If the GCR is damaged by mold, remove all affected material;
The technology for installing drywall on the ceiling is simple - we measure the required piece, cut it off, and fix it in the right place.
Drywall in the composition does not have any components harmful to the body. Using it throughout the apartment, even in the bedroom or nursery is quite acceptable. It looks like a "sandwich" in which there is a gypsum board in the middle, pressed with two layers of pressed cardboard.
For bedrooms, ordinary sheets with a thickness of 9.5 mm are used. This is a lightweight option. For walls use thicker - 12.5 mm. Wall on the ceiling can be used, but the weight of the structure in this case will be greater.
The plasterboard ceiling in the toilet can be assembled from ordinary or moisture-resistant sheets. It all depends on whether there is ventilation in the room, whether there is humidity, whether there is heating. No heating, constant humidity - definitely waterproof drywall. Thickness 12.5mm.
For the living room, hallway, kitchen, ordinary drywall sheets are used. If the room has a fireplace with an open fire, it is recommended that the ceiling be sheathed with drywall with your own hands, using a fire-resistant device made of plasterboard.
When choosing a plasterboard in a store, make sure that the layers are well glued and that the inner one does not crumble. If it crumbles, it means that it was standing in a damp room without observing the storage rules. Transportation is best entrusted to the delivery provided by stores. The plate is fragile, so it is difficult to convey and bring it home on your own.
Check it for weight - lift it up. If the gypsum board is heavier than other boards from the "stack", then it has absorbed a lot of water or there are unnecessary impurities in the core. The lighter, the better.